I’m wanting to build axe skills and the only way to do that is to chop wood. So for my first project I’m going to make a wooden mallet from a maple branch.
Why A Wooden Mallet
Many of the tools for woodworking, like the best spindle sander, particularly when working with green wood, need to be struck with something. But that something needs to not damage the tool. That is why traditionally carvers and joiners had a wooden mallet. Of course the wood mallet gets torn up over time, but a wood worker should be able to make a new one fairly easily. It is considered on of the consumable things in woodworking. In this day and age many have went to a hard rubber or dense plastic to strike their steel tools. Plus it is a very simple starter project.
Really a hatchet, I have a Husqvarna hatchet and I have yet to do anything with it. This is work using the tool one handed so the short handle of a hatchet is much easier to swing.
Selecting A Log
Denser hardwoods are the better choice and green wood is easier work. Of course that means they can develop cracks when drying, but since your are pulling something out of the firewood pile it is no great loss. I have some silver maple that someone gave me and I’m going give that a try first. I grabbed a piece off the wood pile that is about 16″ long and 6″ in diameter.
You will need something for your work piece to rest on. Also you want something that when your tool hits it, the tool will not be damaged. I my case I have a piece of tree trunk that is a nice height so I when I’m working I’m not bent over. Ideally the surface is level, my needs a bit of work. The next time I cut down a tree I will save a piece for chopping work.
Axe Skills You Learn
The only way to get good with a chopping tool is to use it. There is no shortcut, you have to spend the time using the tool. Over time you will be able to reliably hit where you want to. This is a axe skill that serve you well over time. In sports there are exercises done to improve your strength and that help your performance, spending time chopping will build your strength and endurance.
You will also learn about wood grain. You will be surprised at how different wood acts depending of if you are going across or with the grain. You will learn how much easier splitting with the grain is than cutting across the grain. Since you are working with a chunk of firewood, if you mess it up you just made kindling.
I have to admit to having an affinity for axes for as long as I can remember. I’m not as hardcore as the folks over at the Axe Junkies Facebook Group, but I do have around 10 of them. This year I’m determined to spend more quality time with them. You will only develop axe skills by using it and I will be finding some tasks, projects or chores that I can do with an axe.
So You Want To be a lumberjack
I have always enjoyed splitting straight grained wood with an axe or maul and when I cut down smaller trees I’ve found a good sharp axe removes small limbs better than a chainsaw. But for felling trees, I’m more of a chainsaw kind of guy. I do have a couple of the large double bit axes. An interesting side note is that each side of the head was often sharpened differently for different uses. I will give felling a tree with an axe a go this spring, you never know I might like it and it will at the very least be good exercise.
The view many people have of an axe user is a lumberjack with a huge double bit axe. However what many people do not realize is that an axe is not just the tool of a woodsman or lumberjack, is used to be part of the standard toolkit of the carpenter. Pictured above is the Hults Bruk Carpenter Axe that I acquired this year and I will be starting with it this year. I need to clear out space in my basement first so I have a place to work. The edge on this axe is amazing, almost a mirror finish and very sharp. I’ll be looking for some project that can be made with just an axe to build my skills.
A good primer on different types of Axes by Dave Canterbury
Some of my friends and relatives are on wells that have sulfur in them. Using this water in your house eats away at copper and electronics, so it is common to get water hauled in and store it in a tank underground. However how to tell how much water is left in the tank requires some kind of gauge or dropping down some kind of measuring stick, or you risk running out of water.
Retrofitting a tank that did not have a gauge when the tank was buried can be a challenge. These tanks generally have a fill pipe with a cap and a vent pipe that has an elbow pointing down. I got something labeled a rain tank gauge from Amazon and with some additional plumbing pieces added it the vent gauge. This is a very simple mechanical gauge that has a string with a float that hangs below it. As the float goes up and down the string winds the hand on the gauge. The empty and full marks are just pointer hands that you set when you figure out the levels for your particular tank.
In this particular application, the gauge is next to the sidewalk to the door the is used every day so it is easy to monitor.
For anyone that has broken out in the itchy rash that is the result of coming in contact with Poison Ivy you know it is something to be avoided. Personally, I generally do not suffer from incidental contact, but my wife is really affected from any small contact. After one occasion where it kept coming back even when she had not come in contact with the plant caused me to do some research. Below are my findings as I understand things, your mileage may very.
Poison Ivy – What Causes the Irritation?
For most people it is the oil on the leaves or vine that causes the problem. When it gets on your skin you will break out with a rash that is very itchy. It is important to note that it is this oil that can be spread to other parts of your body. Only when that oil is still on your skin will scratching cause it to spread. The blisters that form and the fluid in them will not cause a reaction someplace else.
How to Avoid A Reaction to Poison Ivy
If you come in contact with poison ivy it is important to get that oil off of your skin as soon as possible. However this oil is very hard to get off, it tenaciously sticks to your skin and clothing. You know you sometimes you get grease on your hands and it takes several washings to get it off, poison ivy oil is the same way.
A commercial product specifically designed to do this is Tecnu but a dishwashing liquid that is good at cutting grease and oil will work as well. Another option that works differently is Hydrogen PerOxide which chemically oxidizes the poison ivy oil, changing it so that it no longer causes the irritation.
Keep in mind that the oil can also be on your clothing and gear and will remain able to cause a breakout for months, depending on how sensitive you are to it. I know of a case where someone was getting a breakout even when they had not been outside. It turns out there was a jacket they put on after getting the poison ivy oil on their skin. The oil transferred from skin to jacket and then the next time the jacket was worn (more than a month later) resulted in another breakout from the oil on the jacket.
It has been reported that you do not want to wash your skin with hot water. This tends to open up your pores and the oil gets deeper into your skin and even harder to get off. Further, this can spread the oil making it worse. I know of someone that got in poison ivy and took a very hot shower and spread it over a good portion of his body. Wash your exposed skin well before getting in the shower.
Wash Your Clothes Well
You need to do a good job of washing your clothes. I generally will run them through a couple of cycles in the washing machine and I am generous with the amount of soap. Bleach will also help, which is why I dress in old clothes when I work in areas where there is poison ivy. Further if you have walked through some low growing poison ivy you will have the oil on your shoes and laces.
Your pets can pick up the oil and transfer it to you. Keep that in mind if you keep getting breakouts and cannot figure out where it is coming from.
It is the oil that causes the reaction if it is spreading you are getting more oil from somewhere.
Get the oil off of your skin ASAP using a soap that is good at cutting through oils. Tecnu if you have it or something like Dawn dishwashing liquid. If it gets the oil and grease off after working on your car it will probably get the poison ivy oil off.
Don’t forget to clean clothes and any gear you had when you encountered the poision ivy.
Personally, I’m not into fishing, but I know many of you are. If you are a fisherman there is a new site on Bullhead Fishing you might want to check out.
As a non-fisherman, I’ve always heard the stories about catfish not being good eating, and then I’ve heard others say they are great. I guess it is like many fish, how they taste can be affected by the water they live in, which of course makes sense.
In the past week I have used my tire plug kit twice, once on my riding mower and once on my car. What would have put off mowing the lawn when I had the time or taking more than an hour to get the car fixed turned out to only take 5 minutes.
Why a plug kit
What makes putting in a plug so great is you generally do not have to take the wheel off. You just pull out anything in the hole (nail, screw…) and put in the plug. This not only saves you time but generally is easier. If you look in the middle of the tire you can see a driver bit stuck in the tire. I took a pair of needle nose pliers, pulled it out and first used the reamer and then stuck in a plug. Less than 5 minutes including pumping the tire back up.
Consider one in each car
Since a kit is less than $10 you should consider having one in each car. If you are on the road and catch the leak soon and are quick about plugging it you might be able to make it to a place that has a compressor. But it would be good to have some kind of small compressor in your vehicle. I don’t have one because for years I’ve had GM vans that had an air port on the load leveling system that could be used to pump up tires.
Only for tubeless tires
Keep in mind tire plug kits are only for tubeless tires. If you have a leak in a tire with an inner tube to fix it you pull the tube out and put a patch on the tube. Anyone who fixed a bike tire knows this routine. Many tractors and wheelbarrows also have inner tubes. If you have these kinds of tires you should probably have a patch kit as well.
For some time now I have been considering converting a log splitter to run on an electric motor rather than a gas engine. The splitter I have been using (red one in the background) has had starting problems since the 2nd year after my dad got it. True a gas-powered splitter can be taken to the wood, but I think I can make a semi-permanent location work for an electric-powered log splitter. This will require a 220V circuit to run a big enough electric motor, so that is a bit limiting, but I have the skills to put in a 220V outlet where needed.
Donor Log Splitter
I managed to get a log splitter without a gas engine from a friend that does warranty repair work for the Tractor Supply stores in my area. He had some extra parts he was looking to get rid of. In my case these are all new parts and I have everything I need except the power source. It is a bit of a Frankenstein in that the hydraulic cylinder is on the bigger side of what is put in a log splitter and I think the pump is on the smaller side. I do have to option of mounting a gas engine on it if I want to in the future, but since the family already has a gas powered log splitter, this isn’t likely to happen.
Electric Motor requirements
The next question is to figure out what size electric motor would be right for this application. It is often said on the internet that you can get away with 1/2 the horsepower when replacing a gas engine with an electric motor. The reason for this is as a gas motor slows down in RPM’s it generates less power. There is a power curve related to engine RPM and you need enough power to keep the engine speed up in the range that generates the most power. Therefore you need to “up-size” the engine to make sure that a spike in load doesn’t drop the engine RPM down too far. Once the RPM’s start to fall, the power drops of as well, which causes further slowing of the engine and less power output. Once this starts to happen if you do not reduce the load your engine will stall. With a log splitter this just means just bringing the hydraulic valve back to center and giving the engine a chance to speed back up.
An electric motor is fundamentally different in that it (generally) has 100% of its torque available at 0 RPM. This means you won’t stall it like you will with a gas engine, as the RPM’s go down you get more power available. Of course if you have an electric motor that is simply not big enough you can stall it, but you do not have the same power drop off as RPM’s go down as you do with a gas engine.
Fortunately my son is currently going to the local Community College and some of his classes are in fluid power. Therefore rather than guessing we will be pulling the specs from the pump and the cylinder and calculating what size electric motor we really need, and then scour the internet to source it.